Book chapter

X. Ni "Continuous crystallisation with oscillatory baffled crystalliser technology", 2020, https://www.amazon.com/The-Handbook-of-Continuous-Crystallization/dp/178802143

Publications

2024
J. Chen, R. Prinsloo and X. Ni, "A kinetic study of a photo oxidation reaction between alpha-terpinene and singlet oxygen in a novel oscillatory baffled photo reactor",  Technologies, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2024, 29. 

2023
J. Chen, R. Prinsloo and X. Ni, "On the durability of photosensitizer in a photo oxidation reaction in a novel oscillatory baffled photo reactor", Pharmaceutical Front, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2023, e274-281.

M. Chilmeran, M. Hodges and X. Ni, "A kinetic study of biotransformation from valencene to nootkatone in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Feb 2023, https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.7350 


2022

A. Majumder, Z.K. Nagy and X. Ni, "Recent advances in continuous crystallisation", Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 186, 2022, 610-613.

F. Sun, T. Liu, Z.K. Nagy and X. Ni, "Extended sectional quadrature method of moments for crystal growth and nucleation with application to seeded cooling crystallisation", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 254, 2022, 117625.

2021
G. Jimeno, Y.C. Lee and X. Ni, "The effect of particle size on flow in a continuous oscillatory baffled reactor using CFD", The Canadian Journal of  Chemical  Engineering, 2021, 1-14.


F. Navarro Fuentes, M. Keane and X. Ni, "Continuous hydrogenation of alkynol in a continuous oscillatory baffled reactor", Organic Process Research & Development, Vol. 25, 2021, 206-211.


2020
X. Ni, "'Another critical look at three phase catalysis", Pharmeceutical Fronts, Vol. 2, 2020, 117-127.

F. Sun, T. Liu, Y. Cao, X. Ni and Z.K. Nagy, "Kinetic parameter estimation for cooling crystallisation process based on cell average technique and automatic differentiation", Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 6, 2020, 1637-1651.

Y. Huo, T. Liu, Y. Yang, C. Ma, X. Wang and X. Ni, "In-situ measurement of 3D crystal size distribution by double view image analysis with case study on L-glutamic acid crystallisation", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 59, No. 10, 2020, 4646-4658.

A. McLaughlin, J. Robertson and X. Ni, "Investigation of dissolution rates of acetylsalicylic acid, benzoic acid, nicotinic acid and paracetamol in a stirred tank vessel and a twin screw extruder", Pharmaceutical Development and Technology, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2020, 219-226.


F. Navarro Fuentes, M. Keane and X. Ni, "The effects of modes of hydrogen input and reactor configuration on reaction rate and H2 efficiency in the catalytic hydrogenation of alkynol to alkenol", The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 98, 2020, 308-315.

2019
M. Jiang and X. Ni, "Reactive crystallisation of paracetamol in a continuous oscillatory baffled reactor", Organic Process Research & Development, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2019, 882-890.

M. Jiang and X. Ni, "Effects of solvents and impurity on crystallisation kinetics and crystal properties in a reactive crystallisation of paracetamol", Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 523, 2019, 125150.

G. Jimeno, Y.C. Lee and X. Ni, "Smoothed particle hydrodynamics - a new approach for modelling flow in oscillatory baffled reactors", Computers and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 124, 2019, 14-27.

F. Navarro Fuentes, M. Keane and X. Ni, "A comparative evaluation of hydrogenation of 3-butyn-2-ol over Pd/Al2O3 in an oscillatory baffled reactor and a commercial PARR reactor", Organic Process Research && Development, Vol. 23, No. 1, 2019, 38-44.

2018
A. McLaughlin, J. Robertson and X. Ni, "On the use of a twin screw extruder as a continuous dosing feeder", Organic Process Research && Development, Vol. 22, 2018, 1373-1382.

G. Jimeno, Y.C. Lee and X. Ni, "On the evaluation of power density models for oscillatory baffled crystallisers using CFD", Journal of Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification, Vol. 134, 2018, 153-162.

X. Ni, R. Shepherd, J. Whitehead and T. Liu, "Chiral symmetry breaking due to impellor size in cooling crystallisation of sodium chlorate", CrysEngComm, Vol. 20, 2018, 6894-6899.

R. Macloed and X. Ni, "Effect of surface scraping on chiral symmetry in seeded cooling crystallisation of sodium chlorate", CrysEngComm, Vol. 20, 2018, 3696-3701.

M. Jiang and X. Ni, "Effects of water and temperature on reaction mechanism and crystal properties in a reactive crystallisation of paracetamol", Journal of Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification, Vol. 131, 2018, 20-26.

A. McLaughlin, J. Robertson and X. Ni, "Material characterisation and parameter effects on bulk solid dissolution rate of paracetamol in a stirred tank vessel using an in-situ UV-ATR probe", the International Journal of Engineering Research and Science, Vol. 4, 2018, 10-20.

2017
Y. Huo, T. Liu, X. Wang, C. Ma and X. Ni, "On-line detection of particle agglomeration during solution crystallization by microscopic double-view image analysis", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 56, No. 39, 2017, 11257-11269.

S. Zhang, T. Liu, J. Hou and X. Ni, "LQ decomposition based subspace identification under deterministic type disturbance", System Science & Control Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, 243-251.

2016
H.R. McLachlan and X. Ni, “On the effect of added impurity on crystal purity of urea in the oscillatory baffled crystallizer and stirred tank crystallizer”, Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 442, 2016, 81-88.

J. A. Adelakun and X. Ni, “On the kinetics of palm oil crystallization”, the International Journal of Engineering Research and Science, Vol. 2, 2016, 1-12.

H.R. McLachlan and X. Ni, “An investigation into parameters affecting crystal purity of urea in a stirred tank crystallizer and an oscillatory baffled crystallizer”, Chemical Engineeering Communications, Vol. 203, 2016, 1189-1197.

2015
C.J. Brown, J. A. Adelakun and X. Ni, “Characterization and modelling of antisolvent crystallization of salicylic acid in a continuous oscillatory baffled crystallizer”, Chemical Engineering and Processing, Vol. 97, 2015, 180-186.

2014
C.J. Brown, Y.C. Lee, Z. Nagy and X. Ni, “Evaluation of crystallisation kinetcis of adipic acid in an oscillatory baffled crystalliser”, Chemical Engineeering Communications, Vol. 16, 2014, 8008-8014.

C.J. Callahan and X. Ni, "An investigation into the effect of mixing on the secondary nucleation of sodium chlorate in a stirred tank and an oscillatory baffled crystalliser", Chemical Engineeering Communications, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2014, 690-697.

C.J. Callahan and X. Ni, "An investigation into the effect of mixing on the secondary nucleation of sodium chlorate in a moving fluid and moving baffle crystalliser", Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineeering, Vol. 92, 2014, 1920-1925.

2013
M. Manninen, E. Gorshkova, K. Immonen and X. Ni, "Evaluation of axial dispersion and mixing performance in oscillatory baffled reactors using CFD”, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 88, No. 4, 2013, 553-562.

E. Jambi, X. Ni, B. McNeil, A. Basaleh and L. Harvey, "Comparative study of the power consumption on the production of xanthan using the traditional industrial stirred tank reactor and a novel oscillatory baffled reactor", Life Science Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2013, 2241-2249.

2012
C.J. Callahan and X. Ni, "Probing into nucleation mechanisms of cooling crystallisation of sodium chlorate in a stirred tank crystalliser and an oscillatory baffled crystalliser", Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 12(5), 2012, 2525-2532.

X. Ni, "Editoral on the 3rd European Process Intensification Conference", Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 90, 2012, 713.

C.J. Brown and X. Ni, “Determination of metastable zone width, mean particle size and detectable number density using video imaging in an oscillatory baffled crystalliser”, Crystal Engineering Communications, Vol. 14, No. 8, 2012, 2944-2949.

2011
C.J. Brown and X. Ni, “Online evaluation of paracetamol antisolvent crystallisation growth rate with video imaging in an oscillatory baffled crystalliser”, Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 11, 2011, 719-725.

C.J. Brown and X. Ni, “Evaluation of growth kinetics of antisolvent crystallisation of paracetamol in an oscillatory baffled crystalliser using video imaging”, Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 11, No. 9, 2011, 3994-4000.

2010
C.J. Brown and X. Ni, “Evaluating the rate of cyclopentane hydrate formation in an oscillatory baffled column using laser induced fluorescence and energy balance”, the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 157, 2010, 131-139.

X. Ni and A. Liao, “Effects of mixing, seeding, material and final temperature on solution crystallisation of L-glutamic acid in an oscillatory baffled crystalliser”, the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 156, 2010, 226-233.

2009
S. Lawson, G. Steele, P. Shering, I. Laird, L. Zhao and X. Ni, “Continuous crystallisation of pharmaceuticals using a continuous oscillatory baffled crystalliser”, Organic Process Research & Development, Vol. 13, 2009, 1357-1363.

R. Calderia and X. Ni, "Evaluation and establishment of a cleaning protocol for the production of vanisal sodium and aspirin using a continuous oscillatory baffled reactor", Organic Process Research & Design, Vol. 13, 2009, 1080-1087.

X. Ni, "Continuous crystallisation: right here, right now", Speciality Chemicals, Vol. 29, 2009, 28-30.

2008
X. Ni and A. Liao, “Effects of cooling rate and solution concentration on solution crystallisation of L-glutamic acid in an oscillatory baffled crystalliser”, Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 8, No. 8, 2008, 2875-2881.

L. Ismail, R.E. Westacott and X. Ni, "On the effect of wax concentration on paraffin wax deposition in a batch oscillatory baffled tube apparatus", the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 137, No. 2, 2008, 205-213.

X. Ni, "Continuous crystallisation using oscillatory baffled crystalliser is the key to bridge the gap between lab and industrial crystallisation", the Chemical Engineer, 2008, 36-38.

2006
D. Mignard, L. Amin and X. Ni, "Determination of breakage rates of oil droplets in a continuous oscillatory baffled tube", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 61, 2006, 6902-6917.

X. Ni, "Plug flow, the facts and limitation", the Manufacturing Chemist, 2006, 44-46.

L. Ismail, R.E. Westacott and X. Ni, "A study on the formation of paraffin wax deposition from paraffin-diesel system in a batch oscillatory baffled column", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 81, 2006, 1905-1914.

X. Ni, "Continuous oscillatory baffled reactor technology", Innovations in Pharmaceutical Technology, Vol. 20, 2006, 90-96.

X. Ni, "Unwrapping the myth about plgu flow", the Chemical Engineer, Vol. 779, 2006, 26-28.

2005
H.K. Gaidhani, B. McNeil and X. Ni, “Fermentation of pullulan using an oscillatory baffled bioreactor”, the Chemical Engineering Research and Design,Vol. 83, 2005, 640-645.

B. Wilson, D.C. Sherrington and X. Ni, "On the butylation of phenylacetonitrile in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 44, No. 23, 2005, 8663-8670.

A.W. Fitch, H. Jian and X. Ni, “An investigation of the effect of viscous fluids on mixing in an oscillatory baffled column using digital particle image velocimetry and computational fluid dynamics simulation”, the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 112, 2005, 197-210.

X. Ni and H. Jian, “A numerical study on the scale up behaviour in oscillatory baffled columns”, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 83, No. A10, 2005, 1163-1170.

2004
M.J. Hounslow and X. Ni, "Population balance modelling of droplet coalescence and break-up in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 59, 2004, 819-828.

H. Jian, A.W. Fitch and X. Ni, “Numerical and experimental investigations into the effect of gap between baffle and wall on mixing in an oscillatory baffled column”, the International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Vol. 2, No. A27, 2004, 1-16.

X. Ni, A. Valentine, A. Liao, S.B.C. Sermage, G.B. Thomson and K.J. Roberts, "On the crystal polymorphic forms of L-glutamic acid following temperature programmed crystallisation in a batch oscillatory baffled crystalliser", Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 4, No. 6, 2004, 1129-1135.

M.S.N. Oliveira and X. Ni, "Effect of hydrodynamics on mass transfer in a gas-liquid oscillatory baffled column", the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 99, 2004, 59-68.

D. Mignard, L. Amin and X. Ni, "Modelling of droplet breakage probabiliters in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 59, 2004, 2189-2200.

M.S.N. Oliveira and X. Ni, "Characterisation of a gas-liquid oscillatory baffled column: bubble size and gas holdup ", the American Institute of Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 50, No. 11, 2004, 3019-3033.


2003
X. Ni and D. Trent, "Foreword", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 78, No. 2-3, 2003, 931.

X. Ni, H. Jian and A.W. Fitch, “Evaluation of turbulent integral length scale in an oscillatory baffled column using large eddy simulation and digital particle image velocimetry”, the Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 81, 2003, 842-853.

X. Ni, "Using continuous oscillatory baffled reactor to achieve most efficient production", the Chemical Engineer, 2003, 34-35.

H.K. Gaidhani, B. McNeil and X. Ni, “Production of pullulan using an oscillatory baffled bioreactor”, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology,Vol. 78, 2003, 260-264.

X. Ni, A.W. Fitch, S. Higgins and P. Webster, "From maximum to most efficient manufacturing using a continuous oscillatory baffled reactor", Process Worldwide, Vol. 6, 2003, 30-31.

X. Ni, M.R. Mackley, A.P. Harvey, P. Stonestreet, M.H.I. Baird and N.V. Rama Rao, "Mixing through oscillation and pulsations - a guide to achieving process enhancements in the chemical and process industries", Transaction of Institute of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 81, Part A, 2003, 373-383.

H. Jian and X. Ni, “On modelling turbulent flow in an oscillatory baffled column - RANS model or large eddy simulation”, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 78, 2003, 321-325.

M.S.N. Oliveira, A.W. Fitch and X. Ni, “A study of velocity and residence time of single bubbles in a gassed oscillatory baffled column: effect of oscillation amplitude”, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 78, 2003, 220-226.

D. Mignard, L. Amin and X. Ni, "Population balance modelling of droplets in an oscillatory baffled reactor - using direct measurement of breakage rate constants", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 78, 2003, 364-369.

A.W. Fitch and X. Ni, "Using non-intrusive laser induced fluorescence in charaterisation of mixing in an oscillatory baffled column", J
ournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 78, 2003, 326-331.

M.S.N. Oliveira, A.W. Fitch and X. Ni, “Bubble velocity and bubble residence time in a gassed oscillatory baffled column: effect of oscillation frequency”, Transactions of Institute of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 81, Part A, 2003, 233-242.

A.W. Fitch and X. Ni, "On the determination of axial dispersion coefficient in a batch oscillatory baffled column using laser induced fluorescence", the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 92, 2003, 243-253.

2002
X. Ni, D. Mignard, B. Saye, J.C. Johnstone and N. Pereira, "On the evaluation of droplet breakage and coalescence rates in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 57, 2002, 2101-2114.

D.C. Sherringtone, A. Lanver, H. Schmalz, B. Wilson, X. Ni and S. Yuan, "Gram-scale synthsis of suspension polymerised styrene - divinylbenzene based resins using an oscillatory baffled reactor", Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 114, No. 19, 2002, 3808-3811.

X. Ni, H. Jian and A.W. Fitch, "CFD modelling of flow patterns in an oscillatory baffled column", 
Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 57, No. 14, 2002, 2849-2862.

D.C. Sherringtone, A. Lanver, H. Schmalz, B. Wilson, X. Ni and S. Yuan, "Gram-scale synthsis of suspension polymerised styrene - divinylbenzene based resins using an oscillatory baffled reactor", Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 41, No. 19, 2002, 3656-3659.

X. Ni, Y. Sommer de Gelicourt, J. Neil and T. Howes, "On the effect of tracer density on axial dispersion in a batch oscillatory baffled column", the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 85, No. 1, 2002, 17-25.

X. Ni, K.R. Murray, Y. Zhang, D.C. Bennett and T. Howes, "Polymer product engineering utilising oscillatory baffled reactors", Powder Technology, Vol. 124, No. 3, 2002, 281-286.

2001
 X. Ni, Y. Sommer de Gelicourt, M.H.I. Baird and N.V.Rama Rao, "Scale- up of single phase axial dispersion in batch and continuous oscillatory baffled tubes", the Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 79, 2001, 444-448.

M.S.N. Oliveira and X. Ni, “Gas holdup and bubble diameters in a gassed oscillatory baffled column”, Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 56, No. 21-22, 2001, 6143-6148.

B. Wilson, X. Ni and D.C. Sherrington, "On the investigation of a phase transfer catalytic reaction in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 40, No. 23, 2001, 5300-5340.

A.W. Fitch, X. Ni and J. Stewart, "Chacterisation of flexible baffles in an oscillatory baffled column", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 76, 2001, 1074-1079.

X. Ni, J.C. Johnstone, K.C. Symes, B.D. Grey and D.C. Bennett, "Suspension polymerisation of acrylamide in an oscillatory baffled reactor: from droplet to particles", the American Institute of Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 47, No. 8, 2001, 1746-1757.

M. Erbeldinger, X. Ni and P. J. Halling, "Kinetics of enzymatic solid-to-solid peptide synthesis of Z-aspartame and control of acid-base conditions by using inorganic salts", Journal of Biotechnology & Bioengineering, Vol. 72, No. 1, 2001, 69-76.

B. Wilson, X. Ni and D.C. Sherrington, "A study of a phase transfer catalytic reaction between N-butyl bromide and sodium phenolate in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, Vol. 133, 2001, 481-487.

J.C. Johnstone, B. Saye and X. Ni, "On the droplet breakage and coalescence rates in an oscillatory baffled reactor", Chemie Ingenieur Technik, Vol. 73, No. 6, 2001, 744-746.

N.E. Pereira and X. Ni, "Droplet size distribution in a continuous oscillatory baffled reactor", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2001, 735-739.

M. Erbeldinger, X. Ni and P. J. Halling, "Scale up of enzymatic solid-to-solid peptide synthesis and enzyme recovery", the American Institute of Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 47, No. 2, 2001, 500-508.

X. Ni, J.A. Cosgrove, R.H. Cumming, C.A. Greated, K.R. Murray and P. Norman, "Experimental study of flocculation of bentonite and Alcaligenes eutrophus in a batch oscillatory baffled flocculator", Transactions of Institute of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 79, Part A, 2001, 33-40.

2000
X. Ni, D.C. Bennett, K.C. Symes and B.D. Grey, "On the inverse phase suspension polymerisation of acrylamide in a batch oscillatory baffled reactor", Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.76, 2000, 1669-1676.

X. Ni, G. Nelson and I. Mustafa, "Flow patterns and oil-water dispersion in a 0.38 m diameter oscillatory baffled column", Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 78, No. 1, 2000, 211-220.

X. Ni and N.E. Pereira, "Parameters affecting fluid dispersion in a continuous oscillatory baffled reactor", the American Institute of Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 46, No. 1, 2000, 37-45.

X. Ni, J.A. Cosgrove, A.D. Arnott, C.A. Greated and R.H. Cumming, "On the measurement of strain rate in an oscillatory baffled column using particle image velocimetry", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 55, No. 16, 2000, 3195-3208.

G. Nelson, X. Ni, J. Johnstone and T. Howes, "Droplet breakage behaviour in a pilot oscillatory baffled column", Australia Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 8, 2000, 419-423.

G. Nelson and X. Ni, "Experimental measurement of droplet size distribution of a MMA suspension in a batch oscillatory baffled column of 0.21 m diameter", Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Mixing, 2000, 509-516.

1999
M. Erbeldinger, X. Ni and P. J. Halling, "Kinetics of enzymatic solid-to-solid peptide synthesis: inter-substrate compound, substrate ratio and mixing effects", Journal of Biotechnology & Bioengineering, Vol. 63, 1999, 316-321.

X. Ni, Y. Zhang and I. Mustafa, "Correlation of polymer particle size with droplet size in suspension polymerisation of methylmethacrylate in a batch oscillatory baffled reactor", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 54, 1999, 841-850.

X. Ni and C.C. Stevenson, "On the effect of gas size between baffle outer diameter and tube diameter on mixing in an oscillatory baffled column", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 74, No. 6, 1999, 587-593.

1998
X. Ni, Y. Zhang and I. Mustafa, "An investigation of droplet size and size distribution in methylmethacrylate suspensions in a batch oscillatory baffled reactor", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.53, 1998, 2903-2919.

X. Ni, G. Brogan, A. Struthers, D.C. Bennett and S.F. Wilson, "A systematic study of the effect of geometrical parameters on mixing time in oscillatory baffled columns", Transactions of Institution of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 76, Part A, 1988, 635-642.

M. Erbeldinger, X. Ni and P. J. Halling, "Enzymatic synthesis with mainly undissolved substrates at very high concentrations", Enzyme & Microbial Technology, Vol. 23, 1998, 141-148.

S. Gao, X. Ni, R.H. Cumming, C.A. Greated and P.I. Norman, "Experimental investigation of particle flocculation in a batch oscillatory baffled reactor", Separation Science & Technology, Vol. 33, No. 14, 1998, 2143-2157.

M. Erbeldinger, X. Ni and P. J. Halling, "Effect of water and enzyme concentration on thermolysin-catalysed solid-solid peptide synthesis", Journal of Biotechnology & Bioengineering, Vol. 59, 1998, 68-72.

X. Ni, Y. Zhang and I. Mustafa, "Suspension polymerisation of styrene in a batch oscillatory baffled reactor", Polymer Reaction Engineering, Vol. 134, 1998, 273-283.

1997
X. Ni and P. Gough, "On the discussion of the dimensionless groups governing oscillatory flow in a baffled tube", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.52, 1997, 3209-3212.

P. Gough, X. Ni and K.C. Symes, "Experimental flow visualisation in a modified pulsed baffled reactor", Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, Vol. 69, No. 3, 1997, 321-328.

X. Ni, S. Gao and L. Santangeli, "On the effect of surfactant on mass transfer to water-glycerol solutions in a pulsed baffled reactor", Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, Vol. 69, No. 2, 1997, 247-253.

X. Ni, Y. Zhang and I. Mustafa, "Experimental heat transfer measurements in a batch pulsed baffled reactor", Associazione Italiana di Ingegneria Chimica, Vol. 2, 1997, 271-278.

X. Ni, R. Cousins, P. Neilson and I. Airdie, "A study of pulsed baffled membrane oxygenation", European Chemical Engineering, Vol. 2, 1997, 1249-1252.

X. Ni, Y. Zhang and I. Mustafa, "Experimental heat transfer measurements in a batch pulsed baffled reactor", European Chemical Engineering, Vol. 3, 1997, 1685-1688.

S. Liu, D.J. Mason, X. Ni and C.A. Greated, "Particle image velocimetry study of oscillatory flow in baffled tubes", Sensors and Their Applications, VIII, ed. A.T. Augousti and N.W. White, Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia, 1997, 335-340.

1996
X. Ni and S. Gao, "Scale up correlation for mass transfer coefficients in pulsed baffled reactors", the Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 63, 1996, 157-166.

M.R. Mackely, P. Stonestreet, E.P.L. Roberts and X. Ni, "Residence time distribution enhancement in reactors using oscillatory flow", Transactions of Institution of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 74, Part A, 1996, 541-545.

Y. Zhang, X. Ni and I. Mustafa, "A study of oil-water dispersion in a pulsed baffled reactor", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 66, 1996, 305-311.

X. Ni and S. Gao, "Mass transfer characteristics in a pilot pulsed baffled reactor",
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 65, 1996, 65-71.

Y. Zhang, X. Ni and I. Mustafa, "Experimental investigation of liquid-liquid dispersion in a pulsed baffled reactor", Transaction of Institution of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 2, 1996, 760-762.

S. Gao and X. Ni, "Mass transfer in yeast culture in a pulsed baffled bioreactor", 
Transaction of Institution of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 2, 1996, 712-714.

1995
S. Liu, X. Ni, C.A. Greated and P.J. Fryer, “Measurements of velocities of single particles for steady and oscillatory flows in plain and baffled tubes”, Transaction of Institution of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 73, Part A, 1995, 727-732.

X. Ni, S. Gao and D.W. Pritchard, "A study of mass transfer in yeast in a pulsed baffled bioreactor", Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 45, No. 2, 1995, 165-175.

X. Ni, S. Liu, M.J. Joye, P. Grewal and C.A. Greated, “A study of velocity vector profiles and strain rate distributions for laminar and oscillatory flows in a baffled tube using particle image velocimetry”, Journal of Flow Visualisation and Image Processing, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1995, 135-147.

X. Ni, S. Gao, R.H. Cumming and D.W. Pritchard, "A comparative study of mass transfer in yeast in a batch pulsed baffled bioreactor and a stirred tank fermentor", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 50, No. 13, 1995, 2127-2136.

X. Ni, "A study of fluid dispersion in oscillatory flow through a baffled tube,
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 64, 1995, 165-174.

1994
X. Ni, “Residence time distribution measurements in a pulsed baffled tube bundle”, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 59, 1994, 213-221.

1993
X. Ni and M.R. Mackley, “Chemical reaction in batch pulsatile flow and stirred tank reactors”, The Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 52, 1993, 107-114.

M.R. Mackley and X. Ni, "Experimental fluid dispersion measurements in periodic baffled tube arrays", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 48, No. 18 1993, 3293-3305.

X. Ni, J.A. McGeough and C.A. Greated, "A high speed photographic study of enhanced electrochemical arc machining", Journal of Electrochemical Society, Vol. 40, No. 12, 1993, 3505-3512.


X. Ni, "Fluid mechanics, power consumption and chemical reaction in a pulsed baffled reactor", American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 172, 1993, 1-9.


1991
M.R. Mackley and X. Ni, "Mixing and dispersion in a baffled tube for steady laminar and pulsatile flow", Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 46, 1991, 3139-3151.

1990
X. Ni, J.A. McGeough and C.A. Greated, "An analysis of electrochemical arc machining", Transaction of Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 204, 1990, 23-28.

1988
X. Ni, J.A. McGeough and C.A. Greated, "An optical study of flow effect on electrichemical arc machining", American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vol. 34, 1988, 63-73.

1986
X. Ni and B.M. Gibbs, "A study of oxygen levels in a slumped fluidized bed", Chemical Engineering Series, Vol. 12, 1986, 548-551.

1985
X. Ni and B.M. Gibbs, "Oxygen levels in a fluidized bed", Institution of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 94, 1985, 64-70.

1984
B.M. Gibbs and X. Ni, "A study of in-bed oxygen levels in a fluidized bed combustor", Institution of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 87, 1984, 683-690.